The term “IP” stands for “Ingress Protection.” It’s a measurement of dust and water resistance that’s globally recognized. The IP rating of a device refers to how well the gadget’s body, which contains the electrical housing, can keep dust and water out.
Terms like IP68, IPX5, and IPX5 are frequently connected with smartphones, smartwatches, and headphones. If you’re not familiar with these ratings, they describe how well a device is protected from water and dust.
But what exactly are these figures and what do they mean? Before diving into these, let’s take a look at how a device receives an IP rating and what we already know about the various classifications.
Different Types of IP rating
As previously stated, the IP rating is a standard measurement of water and dust resistance. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standardizes these ratings (IEC). A gadget must pass a series of lab tests and then be rated to receive IP certification.
For starts, IP ratings are denoted by two numbers: IP68, IPX8, IP67, and so on. The first number denotes dust and particle protection, while 6 is the highest rating a device may get on a scale of 0 to 6. If a device obtains no ratings, it is assigned the letter X. The second digit denotes water resistance, which ranges from 0 to 8. That means a device’s maximum IP rating is IP68.
Difference Between IPX5 and IP68
An IP rating is just a measure of the body’s ability to defend itself. However, this does not rule out the possibility of the equipment being damaged. Numerous IP ratings provide different levels of protection.
A device with an IP68 rating can withstand dust and up to 1.5 meters of water for 30 minutes. IPX5 on the other hand denotes that a device is not dust-proof but does provide some water protection.
It’s also worth noting that the terms employed here are water and dust. This means that the protection provided here does not apply to other liquids such as coffee, alcohol, or seawater.