On the strength of vast solar energy reserves, India has begun to deploy hydrogen-based fuel cell vehicles and charging stations to build a green hydrogen ecosystem and become an energy net exporter.
According to Mint and The Economic Times, India’s union road and transport minister, Nitin Gadkari, the country spends INR8 trillion on energy imports each year, which will rise to INR25 trillion if nothing is done. India still can become an energy net exporter if green hydrogen is used.
Gadkari stated that India would develop an electrolyzer policy and that he had urged that the Indian Ministry of Power eliminate transmission duty and other expenses for green hydrogen. India’s electricity ministry has requested that NTPC, the country’s state-owned power provider, deploy hydrogen-fueled buses between Delhi and Jaipur. In addition, 25 to 30 green hydrogen charging stations would be built in Delhi.
On March 16, India’s road and transport ministry launched a pilot project led by Toyota Kirloskar and the International Center for Automotive Technology to research and assess the hydrogen-powered Toyota Mirai on Indian roads and in Indian climate conditions. Another goal of the pilot project is to raise hydrogen awareness.
In contrast, Technip Energies, a French energy engineering technology company, announced in a press release that it had signed an MoU with Greenko, an Indian company, to explore green hydrogen project development opportunities in India’s refining, petrochemicals, fertiliser, chemical, and power plant sectors.
According to India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, around 5,000 trillion kWh of energy is incident annually across the country’s land area, with most areas receiving four to seven kWh per square metre every day. According to the Economic Times, Mercom India Research estimates that India will add 10GW of solar power in 2021, representing a 212 per cent year-on-year increase.
Green hydrogen is produced by electrolysis of water using renewable or low-carbon energy, and it can help to balance renewable energy’s intermittency. Furthermore, storing green hydrogen in ammonia, a more stable type of hydrogen medium, will reduce storage costs significantly, assisting India in meeting its objective of net-zero emissions by 2070.
India adopted a green hydrogen/ammonia policy in February to make it simpler for green hydrogen makers to access the grid and renewable energy, to produce five million tonnes of green hydrogen by 2030. India has also announced a Production Linked Incentive scheme for automobile and auto component manufacturers, which provides incentives for electric and fuel cell vehicles.